Taxes for individuals in Latvia
Value Added Tax (Latvian – Pievienotās vērtības nodoklis)
The basic rate is 21%, the reduced rate of 12% is applied to medicines, certain foods, passenger transport, educational literature and periodicals, hotel services, wood fuel, heat supply and property management services. Import and export are not subject to VAT.
Personal income tax (Latvian – Iedzīvotāju ienākuma nodoklis)
The basic rate is 23%. The rate of 15% is applied to income from capital gains, 10% to income from capital that is not a gain (for example, dividends).
Obligatory social insurance contributions (Latvian – Valsts sociālās apdrošināšanas obligātās iemaksas)
The basic rate is 34.09% of the employee’s salary, of which 10.50% is paid by the employee and 23.59% by the employer.
Solidarity tax (Latvian – Solidaritātes nodoklis)
The rate and mechanism of the solidarity tax are identical to the rate and the mechanism of OSIC (34.09% of the employee’s salary, of which 10.50% is paid by the employee, and 23.59% by the employer). Taxed income is more than 48,600 euros per year.
Property tax (Latvian – Nekustamā īpašuma nodoklis)
The tax rate ranges from 0.2% to 1.5% of the cadastral value of the property and can be increased to 3% for abandoned objects.
Vehicle operation tax (Latvian. Transportlīdzekļa ekspluatācijas nodoklis) The tax is levied on vehicles owned by private individuals. For vehicles older than 2005, a higher rate is applied.
Customs tax (Latvian – Muitas nodoklis)
Applies to goods imported into Latvia from outside the European Union. The rates are determined by the European Commission Regula.
Excise tax (Latvian – Akcīzes nodoklis)
Tax is levied on alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, petroleum products, natural gas, soft drinks and coffee, as well as liquids used in electronic cigarettes.
Value Added Tax (VAT) (Latvian – PVN)
VAT is an indirect tax. Taxable object – goods and services (tax is added to the price of a product or service). The basic VAT rate in Latvia is 21%. Reduced rate – 12%.